April 28, 2019
Divine Mercy Sunday
“I hold the keys to death and the netherworld.”
On this Sunday’s solemnity of Divine Mercy, the Church calls us to rejoice that the Sacrament of Confession, and the peace flowing from it, are the “first fruits” of Jesus’ Resurrection. In the Old Testament, the People of God—Israel—gave to Him the first fruits of their harvests, as precious and life-giving as they were. But in the New Testament, God turns this around. It’s God who gives to His People—the Church—the first fruits of the Resurrection from the dead of His most precious Son.
Many of our separated brethren claim that there’s no need to confess one’s sins to a priest. Against such a claim stand the words of St. John the Evangelist, who tells us that just a few hours after Jesus’ Resurrection, He showed Himself to His apostles, “breathed on them, and said to them: ‘Receive the Holy Spirit. If you forgive the sins of any, they are forgiven; if you retain the sins of any, they are retained’” [John 20:19,22-23]. Consider from three perspectives the blessings that flow from this gift of the Holy Spirit.
First, Confession reflects the nature of the sinner. God requires us to confess our sins to a fellow sinner to receive the benefits of the sacrament. God knows that if He made the default for forgiving sins the direct confession of one’s sins to God, then the average sinner would grow spiritually weaker over time.
For example, if you start a confession of your sins directly to God and have trouble remembering them, it’s easy to say to yourself, “Well, God knows everything anyway. I don’t have to confess all my sins.” That can begin a habit by which the sinner demands less and less from himself.
From the opposite perspective, the priest is not likely to know our sins. This means that the burden is on each Christian to present herself more honestly to God. But here’s one of the beautiful truths about Confession. The more honest we are about our sinfulness, the more we appreciate the beauty and abundance of God’s mercy.
Second, Confession reflects the nature of the Church. The priest in Confession represents not only God, but also the other members of the Body of Christ. One of the many problems with the idea of just confessing one’s sins directly to God is that our sins are offenses not only against God.
When Jesus taught His disciples about God’s commandments, He explained that they boil down to two: to love God, and to love one’s neighbor. This two-fold command is even symbolized by the Cross on which Jesus died for us. The Cross has a vertical beam symbolizing the love meant to flow between me and God. Added to that is a horizontal beam, symbolizing the love meant to flow between me and my neighbors. As Jesus Christ is fully God and fully man, the priest in Confession represents both God and man: my God and my neighbors.
Third, Confession reflects the nature of God Himself. On the evening of His Resurrection, Jesus breathed on the apostles and said to them: “Receive the Holy Spirit.” In Confession the penitent receives this same Holy Spirit, and if we know one thing about the Holy Spirit, it’s that He is never satisfied to give life when He can give life abundantly.
In Confession God not only forgives your sins, but gives many other gifts as well. The Catechism lists all of them, but perhaps most important among them is “an increase of spiritual strength for the Christian battle” [CCC 1496]. This gift is why we ought to make a sacramental confession regularly even if we don’t have any mortal sins to confess, but only venial sins.
After all, what is one of hardest parts of “the Christian battle” if not forgiving those who have hurt you? Every disciple faces situations where it’s so difficult to forgive that it would be impossible through human efforts alone. But as Christians, we are never alone. The graces received in Confession strengthen us to offer more easily human forgiveness to those who have wronged us.
Some people think of Confession as concerning only the washing away of the sins of one’s past. But Confession is not only about the past: it’s also about the future. Confession is about God equipping us through His grace for the days ahead. Confession prepares us so that when we leave the confessional we might serve Him as instruments of mercy. We do so by loving our neighbors as God loves them. This means loving them even when it requires us to love as Jesus loved on the Cross.
click HERE to watch Jeff Cavins’ reflection for this solemnity (3:53)
click HERE to watch Archbishop Alexander Sample’s reflection on Divine Mercy Sunday (23:44)
click HERE to watch Scott Hahn speak on “Divine Mercy in Sacred Scripture” (52:19)
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click HERE to read Pope Francis’ 2016 homily for this Sunday
click HERE to read Pope Emeritus Benedict’s 2010 Regina Caeli address for this Sunday
click HERE to read St. John Paul II’s 2001 homily for this Sunday