Neither Moses nor Aaron would enter the promised land; Joshua would lead

The Book of Numbers is the fourth book of the Pentateuch. It is a compilation of information spanning about 1,000 years. Numbers is not written in the methodology of modern historical scholarship but is intended to express God’s intervention in the history of the Israelites.

Who is the successor of Moses?
[spoiler]Numbers 27:12-23 tells that neither Moses nor Aaron will enter the Promised Land because of their rebellion. God tells Moses to lay his hands upon Joshua who will be his successor. This sign of “laying on of hands” to confer an office is also important in the New Testament, where the apostles appointed bishops and priests to succeed them and ordained them by the laying on of hands.[/spoiler]

What is the meaning of the word “Deuteronomy?”
[spoiler]Deuteronomy means “second law.” It is really not a new law, but a repetition of much that has been contained in the previous four books of the Torah.
Deuteronomy 5, for example, repeats the Ten Commandments in slightly different form. Deuteronomy was probably a tradition of the Law of Moses which was written in the northern kingdom of Israel some time after the ninth century before Christ. It was brought south to Jerusalem after the destruction of Israel in 731 B.C. But it collected dust until it was discovered in the Temple around 620 B.C. It was made the basis of a great religious reform under King Josiah.
Deuteronomy is different from the other books of the Torah in that it contains many long speeches or sermons of Moses. In these speeches, Moses emphasizes the reward for fidelity to God and the punishment for infidelity. He takes examples from their journey in the Exodus.
Deuteronomy contains some of the most beautiful passages of the Old Testament. For example, in chapter 4, Moses asks what other nation has gods like the one God? He tells of how close God is to them and how merciful, and asks the Israelites to choose life, to choose God.[/spoiler]

Where do we find the “greatest commandment?”
[spoiler]The greatest commandment is: “You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart, with all your soul, with all your strength, and with all your mind.” This is found in Deuteronomy 6:5. This is part of a very important and ancient Jewish prayer called the “Shema” (pronounced “Shmah”.) The prayer begins, “Hear, O Israel, the Lord your God is God alone. Therefore you shall love the Lord your God.....”[/spoiler]

What is the “deuteronomic outlook?”
[spoiler]The Deuteronomic outlook or theology is that there are immediate rewards for doing good and immediate punishments for doing evil. This attitude is expressed in Deuteronomy 7 and 8. The books of Joshua, Judges, I-II Samuel, and I-II Kings were edited in this spirit. They were probably finally edited by a group of people we call the “Deuteronomists.” Obviously, Deuteronomic theology does not always work out: Sometimes the good people suffer, and sometimes the wicked prosper. The answer to this problem was almost impossible to the Old Testament which knew nothing of heaven and hell. The answer is even difficult for us who do believe in heaven and hell.[/spoiler]

Where did Moses die?
[spoiler]Moses died and was buried on Mt. Nebo in the “land of Pisgah”, an area near the Jordan River from which he could see the Promised Land, but would not enter it. No one knows where the grave of Moses is.[/spoiler]